Gynaecologists are specialists in treating the problems associated with the female reproductive system which includes ovaries, cervix, vagina, womb and tubes. There are other sub categories or inner disciplines alongside gynae, including urogynaecology (dealing with bladder), gynae-oncology (diagnosis and treatment of cancer occurring in these parts), colposcopy , contraception and menopause.

Obstetricians specialize in maternity care and the problems related to it such as childbirth, abnormal deliveries and pregnancy complications. They are associated with this field right from planning and conception to normal delivery. However, both the gynaecs and obstetricians share a common aspect, which is taking care of miscarriages and handling the situation further.