symptoms of PCOD

All You Need to Know About PCOD

Does the reason behind your irregular menstrual cycle or surprise weight gain ever make you wonder? Such symptoms may indicate polycystic ovarian disease, a condition that affects as many as 10% of reproductive-age women globally. Here in this blog, we will explore its symptoms, origins, and various treatment choices. We’ve also worked to ensure that we offer an adequate amount of information, helping women learn about the subject and be better able to control it. It is not just a gynecological disorder but an all-around medical issue that can take different forms and affect your life in multiple ways. it comes in many forms ranging from hormonal imbalance to conception problems and women must be provided with the right information about their health.

What PCOD means?

Polycystic Ovarian Disease is a common hormonal disorder in 5–10% of women of reproductive age. Many small ovarian cysts and hormonal disturbances describe PCOD, resulting in an irregular menstrual cycle with an increased level of male sex hormones (androgens). This imbalance causes weight gain, acne, and hirsutism. Genetic and environmental conditions, such as insulin resistance, seem to play a role in the unclear etiology. Health professionals must identify and treat it early to prevent long-term health complications such as diabetes and heart disease.

Symptoms of PCOD

PCOD presents with diverse symptoms affecting women’s health. Diverse symptoms affect women’s health, with abnormal menstruation occurring most frequently, involving some individuals having fewer than nine periods annually. Approximately 80% of women with PCOD experience weight gain and/or fail to lose the gained extra pounds. Excessive hair growth, particularly on the face and body, appears in 70% of such cases. Hormonal abnormalities cause acne and oily skin in women. I Thinning hair or scalp baldness symptoms distress women. Women with the above symptoms must seek medical evaluation for proper diagnosis and treatment.

How PCOD occurs: Causes and Risk Factors


  • Genetic Factors: PCOD has a strong genetic component. Its heritability is inferred by the fact that women with a family history of polycystic ovary disease are prone to it.
  • Hormonal Imbalances: Such hormonal imbalance is usually linked, especially a surge in androgen (male sex hormones). This can upset the normal functioning of the ovaries.
  • Insulin Resistance: Most women with this disease are insulin resistant, cells in the body do not respond normally to insulin. This results in increased insulin and blood sugar levels, causing hormonal change.

Risk Factors

  • Family History: The likelihood of developing it, if you have a mother, sister, or aunt with this condition, is high.
  • Obesity: Obesity can aggravate insulin resistance and hormonal imbalance, making it risky for to ensue.
  • Unhealthy Lifestyle: Things such as a bad diet and lack of exercise can increase the likelihood of obesity which is linked to insulin resistance, therefore increasing the risk even further.
  • Inflammation: There is usually an elevated level of inflammation in their bodies. Insulin resistance can be triggered by chronic low-grade inflammation.

Can PCOD Be Cured Permanently?

Even though Polycystic Ovarian Disease is irreversible, patients can be manage it. According to studies, lifestyle modifications involving a healthy diet and exercise regimens relieve symptoms in the majority of cases. Medications play a significant role in managing of hormonal imbalances and the regulation of menstrual cycles. However, the efficacy differs from one individual to another. First, patients need continuous medical monitoring and a personalized treatment plan. In most cases, women suffering from PCOD achieve significant improvements through lifestyle changes and medical treatment. This implies that the majority of these people can effectively manage symptoms, leading to a large improvement in health.

Treatment and Management

  • Management of Polycystic Ovarian Disease is multidimensional, focusing mostly on symptom alleviation and the prevention of long-term complications. As revealed in various research, lifestyle changes such as a balanced diet and physical activity can help improve the condition of about 60% of patients.
  • Insulin resistance, a common case in PCOD patients was addressed through dietary changes, especially a low-glycemic diet. Integrating whole grains, lean proteins, and fresh vegetables aids in normalising blood sugar levels hence reducing the effects of symptoms.
  • Another pillar is regular exercise. It is advised to do some moderate exercise for at least 150 minutes per week. Exercise helps PCOD patients also manage their weight, which is an important factor for these individuals in improving insulin sensitivity.
  • Medication plays a vital role, particularly for those struggling with fertility issues or severe symptoms. Metformin, a drug used to treat type 2 diabetes, has been effective in improving insulin resistance in PCOD patients. Birth control pills are often prescribed to regulate menstrual cycles and reduce androgen levels, thus managing symptoms like acne and excessive hair growth.
  • In severe cases, fertility treatments, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), might be considered. However, these treatments are typically pursued only after other management strategies have been tried.
  • Overall, a personalized treatment plan, developed in consultation with healthcare professionals, is essential for effective management of the disease.

PCOD and Mental Health

However, PCOD does not only affect physical health but also mental well-being. It makes women more susceptible to mental disorders, with depression, anxiety, and mood disorders as the most common ones. Studies indicate that almost half of the women with PCOD suffer from depression. Experts blame this psychological burden on hormonal imbalance, stress from infertility problems, and self-imaging issues due to symptoms such as weight gain and acne. Therefore, treating mental health becomes an essential aspect of holistic management.

PCOD and Cancer Risk

Research shows the possibility of a connection between PCOD and an increased risk of developing certain types of cancers, especially endometrial cancer. Prolonged unopposed estrogen exposure in PCOD women results from a significantly increased risk of endometrial hyperplasia which is considered as cancer precursor. The data show that such women are three times as likely to develop endometrial cancer compared with non-PCOD sufferers. To prevent these risks, patients should have regular screenings and emphasize living a healthy lifestyle.

Final Thoughts

Overall, PCOD is a complicated disorder that affects many women around the world. In tackling this problem, Aryan Hospital is leading the way in terms of quality care provided for PCOS/PCOD treatment. The hospital’s holistic approach includes the best equipment, excellent gynecologists, and advanced infertility protocols. This total care encompasses long-term skilled endocrinologist management and lifestyle counseling. Certain personal and medical information sharing allows patients to customize their individual treatment plans according to their preferences. Aryan Hospital is not just a place to treat women suffering from PCOD but also to empower them in unique ways on their journeys with the condition. Contact our specialists today and take a step towards proper health management.